A summary of the evidence for the individual logia sayings

Introduction

In previous pages I have described in essence how I first identified the individual logia sayings, starting with the source doublets and using these sayings as a template to find the others. In 2021 I found a more consistent way in which the remainder can be identified. It involves seeking at least one of three more or less independent characteristics. These are: the presence of a saying in a synoptic sayings block, Semitic poetry (couplet, chiasm or parallelism), and hyperbole.

Notes on the tables below

The presence of one of the letters S, K, P, H in one of the columns after the saying's label indicates that the respective evidence (a source doublet, presence in a sayings block, poetry, or hyperbole) is exhibited in version(s) of the saying in one or more synoptic gospels. Although my detailed investigation of the logia sayings started with the source doublets, the tables show that no logia saying is solely attested by its presence in a source doublet.
The order in which the sayings are presented here, the total number of sayings, the division into four sections (represented here by four tables), and the identifications in the first column, are all explained on the next web page.

Section A: Entering the kingdom


 logia saying source sayings poetry hyperbole
id label doublet block
 
 A1  Beatitudes  K  P
 A2  Salt  K  P
 A3  Lighting a lamp  S  K  P
 A4  Law  S  K  P  H
 A5  Your accuser    K    
 A6  Hand & eye  S  K  P  H
 A7  Divorce  S  K  P  
 A8  Love enemies    K  P  
 A9  Blind guide    K  P  
 A10  Teacher/disciple    K  P  
 A11  Be like a child        H
 
 A12  Eye of needle      P  H
 A13  Speck/log    K  P  H
 A14  Judge/measure    K  P  
 A15  Pearls to pigs    K  P  
 A16  Two gates    K  P  
 A17  Good tree    K  P  
 A18  Good treasure    K  P  
 A19  Ask/receive  S  K  P  H
 A20  Golden rule    K  P  
 A21  Disowned    K    
 A22  Rock or sand    K  P  

Section B: The mission of the kingdom

 logia saying source sayings poetry hyperbole
id label doublet block
 
 B1  Following Jesus  K  P  H
 B2  Cup of water  K  P
 B3  Harvest    K  P
 B4  Mission instructions  S  K  P  H
 B5  Lambs among wolves    K  P  
 B6  Hated/endure  S  K  P  H
 B7  Through all Israel  S  K  P  
 
 B8  Formal defence  S  K  P  
 B9  Nothing hidden  S  K  P  H
 B10  Peace or a sword  S  K  P  H
 B11  My disciple?  S  K  P  H
 B12  Find or lose  S  K  P  
 B13  Welcome  S  K  P  
 B14  For or against  S  K  P  H

Section C: The coming kingdom


 logia saying source sayings poetry hyperbole
id label doublet block
 
 C1  Kingdom come  K  P
 C2  Called or chosen    P
 C3  Eye as lamp  S  K  P  H
 C4  Caesar or God  S    P  
 C5  Request for a sign  S  K  P  
 C6  What you see      P  
 C7  Womb    K  P  
 C8  Forgiveness    K  P  
 C9  Millstone    K  P  H
 C10  Ruler/servant  S  K  P  
 C11  Humble exalted    K  P  
 
 C12  Bystanders    K  P  
 C13  Weather signs    K  P  
 C14  Mustard & yeast      P  H
 C15  Sheep & coin    K  P  
 C16  Two masters    K  P  H
 C17  Mulberry tree  S  K    H
 C18  Treasure in heaven    K  P  
 C19  Food & clothing    K  P  
 C20  More given  S  K  P  H
 C21  Thrones      P  
 C22  Last or first      P  

Section D: Hindrances to the kingdom

 logia saying source sayings poetry hyperbole
id label doublet block
 
 D1  Hinder entrance    K    
 D2  Clean cup  K  P
 D3  Tithe mint    K  P  H
 D4  Best seats  S  K  P  
 D5  Whitewashed tombs    K  P  
 D6  Burdens    K  P  
 D7  Memorials    K  P  
 
 D8  False prophets    K  P  
 D9  Look he is ...    K  P  
 D10  Lightning    K  P  
 D11  Vultures    K  P  
 D12  In the days of Noah    K    
 D13  Taken or left    K  P  
 D14  Keep awake    K  P